Tips for Living A Healthier Life
- Don’t text and drive.
- Wear your seat belt at all times - even on very short trips.
- Have smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors in your home.
- Remove throw rugs, pet toys, clutter, etc. to prevent falls.
- Consider CPR training. New parents should learn infant CPR.
- Wear a helmet when using roller blades, ATV’s, motorcycles, and when skiing.
- Store guns unloaded and in a locked area. Trigger locks should also be used.
Diet and Exercise:
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Limit fat, cholesterol, and sugar.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- 30 grams of daily fiber improves weight management, reduces constipation, and may decrease the risk of colon cancer.
- Indulged in at least 8 glasses of water per day.
- Shoot for at least 30 minutes of exercise five times a week. Try to include aerobic as well as weight training.
- If you smoke - stop. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Help is available for those who want to quit.
- Do not drink and drive. Also, avoid alcohol when boating, swimming, or operating machinery.
- Recreational drug use is dangerous and can be habit-forming.
- Brush and floss at least twice a day. Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride.
- Visit your dentist twice a year, or as needed.
- Consume 3-4 servings of calcium-rich foods daily (milk, yogurt, cheese, green leafy vegetables) or use a calcium supplement for adequate calcium intake. Vitamin D intake may also be necessary for calcium absorption.
- Engage in regular weight-bearing or resistance exercise.
- A bone density screening (DXA) might be is recommended for women over 65 and others with risk factors.
- A mammogram should be done every year beginning at the age of 40, or earlier for those with a strong family history of premenopausal breast cancer.
Colon Cancer Surveillance:
Screening is recommended at age 50 with a colonoscopy every 10 years thereafter. Earlier of more frequent testing may be advised based on family history and other risks.
Other Screenings and Immunizations:
- Yearly influenza
- Pertussis is recommended once as an adult as well as during every pregnancy. It is given in combination with tetanus/diphtheria.
- HPV vaccine series is recommended for ages 9-26
- Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) is indicated for non-pregnant women born after 1956 unless there is documentation of previous immunization or proof of immunity.
- Shingles vaccination is recommended once after the age of 60.
- Pneumococcal pneumonia
- Hepatitis A and/or B vaccines are recommended for high-risk individuals.
Health Care Proxy:
All adults should have a health care proxy (a legal document that designates another person to make health care decisions for you in case you are unable) and also consider a living will.